February is Black History Month. Rosa Parks was a civil rights leader and living proof of the power of the courage and determination of one person. Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a segregated Montgomery, Alabama city bus. Her solitary act of “defiance” of segregation laws touched off a nationwide effort to end racial segregation of public facilities. She is the recipient of the Martin Luther King Award by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.